Baccarat, the Crystal of Kings!

Baccarat is the name of a very popular card game, but for people who are 
 interested in glass and crystal, the name Baccarat immediately connects to Baccarat, the Crystal of the Kings.... 

There is no connection at all between the card game and the famous crystal factory. The name of the crystal company comes from the place where Baccarat was founded and where it is still situated: The small town of Baccarat in the province of Lorraine in the North-West of France.

An interior by Baccarat Crystal

In 1764 the crystal company was founded by the bishop of Metz. This bishop wanted to bring some work to the small village of Baccarat and he got permission to do so, by royal decree from king Louis XV.
At the start of the glass works, the production consisted of window panes, mirrors and stemware. This continued until 1816 when the first crystal oven went into operation. By that time already over 3000 workers were employed at the site.

In 1823, Baccarat received its first royal commission. That was the beginning of a long list of commissions for royalty and heads of state throughout the world. The company won medals at major exhibitions in Paris from 1823 onwards.    
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Cocktail glasses and champaign flute from the Vega series and a Champaign flute of the Chateau Baccarat series

The technique of embedding cameo sulphides in paperweights, was raised to a fine art by Baccarat in the early 19th century, and continues to be used today.

In the 1840s the Bohemian/Venetian technique of embedding millefiori canes was taken over by Baccarat and their lead crystal glass paperweights with millefiori designs surpass anything produced in that period. 

             Perfume bottles for Grossmith

Until 1867, the year the Imperial Era ended in France, the crystal production expanded and Baccarat built a worldwide reputation for making quality stemware, chandeliers, barware, paperweights and perfume bottles. Baccarat developed many new techniques in making the finest crystal glass and it had become the foremost respected glassworks in France, a position they still hold today. 

After France became a republic, influences from abroad started to have more influence on the work of Baccarat. This led to more export and continuing growth in Asia and the United States.
By 1907 one of the strongest markets for Baccarat was perfume bottles. Everybody with a name in the perfume business ordered from Baccarat. A daily production of 4000 luxury perfume bottles per day in the beginning of the 20th century says enough.     Back to the Top 

Luxury candleholders of Baccarat Crystal

But Baccarat is still on the move. Recently in 1993, Baccarat began making jewellery and in 1997 the company expanded into perfume. 

In 2003 the main office of Baccarat relocated to 11, place des Etats-Unis in Paris. The 3000 square meters accommodate the Baccarat headquarters, its boutique and The Gallery Museum, a restaurant and the original grand ballroom of exceptional craftsmanship.
11, Place des Etats-Unis in Paris is known as the ‘Baccarat House Paris’.

Another Museum of Baccarat, The Baccarat Crystal Museum, is situated in the scenic old town of Baccarat. Generations of glassworkers have been living here under the good care of the glassworks and up to today the town of Baccarat is exclusively dependent on the glassworks.

Restaurant interior by Baccarat Crystal

In 2008 Baccarat House Moscow was opened emphasizing the long history between Baccarat and the Russian Tsars who were one the most important customers.
Baccarat House Moscow is situated in the historical building at 19-21 Nikolskaya street.

The latest venture of Baccarat is the hotel business. All the experience built up while serving the hotels and restaurants with fine crystalware is going to take a twist in the comming years. There is already one hotel in Shanghai and many more luxury Baccarat Hotels are planned to open their doors in 2013, 2014 and 2015.

Baccarat was established in 1765 by the Bishop of Metz who wanted to encourage industry in the little village of Baccarat, some 250 miles east of Paris, France.
Well, he sure started something!